Food Safety Training Resources & Requirements
- State Requirements
Food Handler & Manager State Requirements
Below are the state-specific Food Safety Handler and Certified Food Safety Manager regulatory requirements.
Most state licensed food establishments require a manager or operator to be certified by an exam or demonstrate knowledge in food safety rules and procedures.
Some states (Alaska, Arizona, California, Florida, Illinois, Oregon, Texas, Utah, and Washington) and some local jurisdictions (check with your local health authority) require that Food Handlers take a food safety training course from an ANSI-accredited organization.
For some states or local jurisdictions, food handler re-training and manager re-certification is required more frequently than the normal time. Always check with your local regulatory authority for specific details.
The information in the table below is just a guide and believed to be accurate at the time provided. No warranty of accuracy is given. Please check with your local health department or regulatory body within your jurisdiction for the most current information.
- Certification Exam: State requires mandatory Food Manager Certification Exam.
- Demonstrate Knowledge: A demonstration of food safety knowledge is required by a food manager. A Certification Exam is the best way to demonstrate that knowledge.
- County Requirements: There are certain counties that have specific requirements.
- Training Certificate: State requires mandatory Food Handler Training certificate/card.
- Recommended: Food Handler Training is recommended, but not required. Requirements may vary per business.
Food Handler Federal & State Websites
Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry/US Dept of Health and Human Services (ATSDR)
CFSAN: Center for Food Safety & Applied Nutrition, FDA (Seafood, Fruits, Vegetables, Shell Eggs, and all other Non-Meat Foods)
Product Recalls, Alerts, and Warnings
Foodsafety.gov - The Gateway to Government Food Safety Information
National Agricultural Library USDA/FDA Foodborne Illness
National Association of State Departments of Agriculture
National Organic Program (AMS/USDA)
Partnership for Food Safety Education
Recalls.gov: Online Resource for Federal Recalls (Federal and Industry Initiated Recalls) Recalls.gov
U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Division of Bacterial and Mycotic Diseases, Food Safety Initiative
Agents, Diseases, & Other Threats
Food Safety Activities
News and Media Relations
U.S. Food and Drug Administration, Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point Database
U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA)
U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS)
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Retail Food Handler Websites
American Culinary Federation
American National Standards Institute
On June 17, 2002, ANSI implemented the ANSI-Conference for Food Protection (CFP) accreditation program. ANSI and the Conference for Food Protection entered into a cooperative agreement to accredit organizations involved in the certification of food protection managers. This new program is based on the Conference for Food Protection Accreditation Standards.
Canadian Council of Grocery Distributors
CIES Food Business Forum Global Food Safety Initiative
Dietary Managers Association
Food Distributors International
Foodservice Consultants Society International (FCSI)
FoodService Packaging Association
The Conference for Food Protection
The Conference for Food Protection is an independent voluntary organization that has identified the essential components of a nationally recognized Food Protection Manager Certification Program and established a mechanism to determine if certification organizations meet these standards.
National Environmental Health Association
International Food Safety Council
National Association for the Specialty Food Trade
National Restaurant Association
International Inflight Food Service Association
National Food Service Management Institute
National Registry of Food Safety Professionals, Inc.
National Restaurant Association Educational Foundation
Food Safety Education
HACCP: The State-of-the-Art Approach to Food Safety also avaliable - click here:
USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) - Food Safety Education
FSIS educates consumers about the importance of safe food handling and how to reduce the risks associated with bfoodborne illness.
Integrated Food Safety Information Delivery System -- Food Safety Materials in Multiple Languages
The number of ethnic food establishments continues to increase in the U.S. This Web site contains food safety materials based on the 1999 FDA Food Code that are written in English and thirteen other languages. The other languages are: Bosnian, Chinese (simplied), Chinese (traditional), French, German, Greek, Italian, Japanese, Laotian, Korean, Russian, Spanish, and Vietnamese. www.profoodsafety.org
National Sanitation Foundation International
The National Sanitation Foundation International (NSF) is a not-for-profit organization that is the leading independent inspector of food-related products. NSF audits retail outlets, restaurants, and food production facilities to ensure compliance with public health guidelines. Their Web site includes information specifically prepared to answer consumer questions about food safety and other health-related topics.
Auburn University Detection & Food Safety Center
Centers for Disease Control Emergency Preparedness and Response
FDA CFSAN Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM) and Bioterrorism
National Center for Food Safety & Technology, Illinois Institute of Technology
Purdue Agriculture Research Programs
Rutgers University Food Science and Safety Training and Environment and Public Health Program
University of Georgia Center for Food Safety
University of Minnesota Center for Infectious Disease Research & Policy
USDA Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Homeland Security
Food Handler Glossary
- Acid Food - A food that has a natural pH of 4.6 or below.
- Adulterated - Something unneeded has been added to or has grown in the food to contaminate it.
- Bacteria - Bacteria are found in all foods. Most are killed by high temperatures, but some form toxins which may or may not be killed by heat.
- Calibration - the process of standardizing a temperature monitoring instrument to ensure that it will measure within a specific temperature range in which the instrument is designed to operate.
- Chemicals - Chemical food born illnesses are among the most deadly. Chemicals and other “natural” toxins formed in food include agents such as scombrotoxin and ciguatoxin. Store cleaning supplies in a different area away from stored food.
- Control (verb) - To take all necessary actions to ensure and maintain compliance with criteria established in the HACCP Plan.
- Control (noun) - The state wherein correct procedures are being followed and criteria are being met.
- Control Measures - Actions and activities that can be used to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
- Convection Oven - An oven with fans that move the hot air around to give more even heat.
- Corrective Actions - Actions to be taken when the results of monitoring at the CCP indicate a loss of control.
- Critical Control Point (CCP) - A step at which control can be applied and is essential to prevent or eliminate a food safety hazard or reduce it to an acceptable level.
- Critical Limit - A criterion which separates acceptability from unacceptability.
- Cross-contamination - Cross-contamination is when bacteria spread between food, surfaces or equipment.
- Danger Zone - Temperature of food between 41º F (7º C) and 140º F (60º C).
- Detergent - A chemical used to remove grease, dirt and food, such as washing-up liquid.
- Disinfectant - A chemical that kills bacteria. Check that surfaces are clean of grease, dirt and food before you use a disinfectant. Chemicals that kill bacteria are sometimes called germicides, bactericides or biocides.
- Employee - Any person working in or for a food service establishment who engages in food preparation or service, who transports food or Food containers, or who comes in contact with any food utensils or equipment.
- Equipment- All stoves, ranges, hoods, meat blocks, tables, counters, Refrigerators, freezers, sinks, dishwashing machines, steam tables and similar items, other than utensils, used in the operation of a food service establishments.
- Fixed food establishment - A food service establishment which operates at a specific location and is connected to electric utilities, water, and a sewage disposal system.
- Food born Illness - A general term often used to describe any disease or illness caused by eating contaminated food or drink.
- Food born infections - These occur when “enough” of the live bacterial cells that have reproduced in the food, small intestine, or both are consumed. The severity of the infection depends on the virulence of the bacteria, resistance of the victim, and the number of cells that survive digestion.
- Food born intoxications - These result from a poison or toxin produced by reproductive bacterial cells in food or in the human body. Bacterial toxins have varying resistance to heat; some can even survive boiling. Other toxins can be a natural part of the food, for example, certain types of mushrooms.
- Food born Illness Outbreak - The Centers for Disease Control define an outbreak of food born illness as illness that involves two or more persons who eat a common food, with the food confirmed as the source of the illness by a laboratory analysis. The only exception is that a single case of botulism qualifies as an outbreak.
- Food contact surfaces -Surfaces of equipment and utensils with which normally comes in contact, and those surfaces from which food may drain, drip, or splash back onto surfaces normally in contact with Food.
- Food poisoning - An illness that occurs when people eat food that has been contaminated with harmful germs (particularly bacteria and viruses) or toxins (poisonous substances).
- Food Preparation - The manipulation of foods intended for human consumption by such means as washing, slicing, peeling, chipping, shucking, scooping and/or portioning.
- Food Safety Management System (FSMS) - A food safety management system (FSMS) is a network of interrelated elements that combine to ensure that food does not cause adverse human health effects.
- Food Service Establishment - Any facility, where food is prepared and intended for individual portion service, and includes the site at Which individual portions are provided.
- HACCP - A system which identifies, evaluates, and controls hazards which are significant for food safety.
- HACCP Plan - A document prepared in accordance with the principles of HACCP to ensure control of hazards which are significant for food safety in the segment of the food chain under consideration.
- Hazard - A biological, chemical or physical agent or factor with the potential to cause an adverse health effect.
- Hazard Analysis - The process of collecting and evaluating information on hazards and conditions leading to their presence to decide which are significant for food safety and therefore should be addressed in the HACCP plan.
- Kitchenware - All multi-use utensils, other than tableware (such as pots, pans).
- Limited Food Service Establishment - Any establishment with a food operation, so limited by the type and quantity of foods prepared and the equipment utilized, that poses a lesser degree of risk to the public's health, and, for the purpose of fees, requires less time to monitor.
- Monitor - The act of conducting a planned sequence of observations or measurements of control parameters to assess whether a CCP is under control.
- Parasites - These tiny organisms can cause severe illness. Parasites need nutrients from their host to complete their life cycle. They are always associated with raw or undercooked meat and fish, including pork, bear meat and others.
- Pathogen - Any disease producing agent, microorganism or germ.
- Perishable Foods - Any food of such type or in such condition as may spoil; provided, that foods which are in hermetically sealed containers processed by heat or other means to prevent spoilage and properly packaged, dehydrated, dry or powered foods so low in moisture content as to retard development of microorganism are not considered readily perishable.
- Potentially Hazardous Food - Any perishable food that is capable of supporting rapid and progressive growth of infectious or toxigenic microorganisms.
- Salmonella - A group of bacteria that cause typhoid fever and a number of other illnesses, including food poisoning, gastroenteritis and enteric fever from contaminated food products.
- Safe Temperatures - As applies to potentially hazardous foods, means Temperatures of 41 degrees F or below, or 140 degrees F or above.
- Sanitize - Kill germs with chemicals or high heat.
- Sanitizer - A two-in-one product that acts as a detergent and a disinfectant.
- Single-Service Articles - Any cups, containers, closures, plates, straws, place mats, napkins, doilies, spoons, stirrers, paddles, knives, forks, wrapping materials, and all similar articles, which are constructed wholly or in part from paper or paper material, foil, wood, plastic, synthetic or other readily destructible materials, for one time and one person use and then discarded.
- Step - A point, procedure, operation or stage in the food chain including raw materials, from primary production to final consumption.
- Sulfiting agent - A kind of salt used to help keep some foods, including meats, looking fresh.
- Tableware - Multi-use eating and drinking items, including flatware, knives, forks, spoons, glasses, cups, etc.
- Temperature - a critical measurement for ensuring the safety and quality of many food products.
- Trichinosis - A disease caused by eating a parasite, a worm, found in pork that is raw or undercooked. It causes pain, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea.
- Utensil - Implements such as pots, pans, ladles or food containers used in the preparation, storage, transportation or serving of food.
- Verification - The application of methods, procedures, and tests, in addition to those used in monitoring to determine compliance with the HACCP plan, and/or whether the HACCP plan needs modification.
- Viruses - Viruses grow or reproduce only on living cells. They are often found in untreated water or sewage-contaminated water, and viruses from human feces on unwashed hands can infect others by passing the virus to food. Normal cooking may lower the risk of illness but may not destroy all viruses.